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Network Address Translation
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

The original intention for NAT was to slow the depletion of available IP address space by allowing many private IP addresses to be represented by some smaller number of public IP addresses.

NAT really decreases the overwhelming amou...

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Dynamic Trunking Protocol (DTP)
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

Dynamic Trunking Protocol (DTP) is used for negotiating trunking on a link between two devices, as well as negotiating the encapsulation type of either 802.1Q or ISL. We use the nonegotiate command to disable trunking on an interface, use the swit...

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VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP)
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP) is the basic goals of VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP)are to manage all configured VLANs across a switched internetwork and to maintain consistency throughout that network VTP allows you to add, delete, and rename VLANs&md...

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Routing Information Protocol
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

Distance-Vector Routing Protocols (RIP)

The distance-vector routing algorithm passes complete routing table contents to neighboring routers, which then combine the received routing table entries with their own routi...

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Cisco Hierarchical Model
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

The following are the three layers and their typical functions:

  1. The core layer: backbone
  2. The distribution layer: routing
  3. The access layer: switching

The OSI Model
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

The OSI Model

Advantages of Reference Models

  1. It divides the network communication process into smaller and simpler components, thus aiding component development, design, and troubleshooting.
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Wide area network (WAN)
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

Defining WAN Terms

Before you run out and order a WAN service type from a provider, it would be understand the following terms that service providers typically use:


Access List
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

An access list is essentially a list of conditions that categorize packets. They can be really helpful when you need to exercise control over network traffic. An access list would be your tool of choice for decision making in these situations. One...

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Virtual LAN
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

Virtual LAN (VLAN) is used for divide the switch into different logical parts you can say it can segregate the broadcast domain into different parts.
VLANs simplify network management:

  1. Network adds, moves, and changes are ...

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Convergence of Port Security
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

Convergence occurs when all ports on bridges and switches have transitioned to either forwarding or blocking modes. No data will be forwarded until convergence is complete. And before data can begin being forwarded again, all devices must be updat...

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Spanning Tree Protocol (STP)
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

Bridges are software based, while switches are hardware based because they use ASIC chips to help make filtering decisions.A switch can be viewed as a multi-port bridge. Switches have a higher number of ports than most bridges.Both bridges and swi...

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Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

Open Shortest Path First (OSPF). It is an open standard routing protocol that’s been implemented by a wide variety of network vendors. By using the Dijkstra algorithm. A shortest path tree is constructed, and then the r...

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Enhanced IGRP (EIGRP)
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

Enhanced IGRP (EIGRP):-is a classless, enhanced distance-vector protocol that gives us a real edge over another Cisco proprietary protocol, EIGRP uses the concept of an autonomous system to describe the set of contiguous routers t...

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Static Routing
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

Static routing occurs when you manually add routes in each router’s routing table. There are pros and cons to static routing, but that’s true for all routing processes.

Static routing has the following benefits:<...

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Basic IP Routing
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

Routing is used for taking a packet from one device and sending it through the network to another device on a different network. Routers don’t really care about hosts they only care about networks and the best path to each network. The logic...

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Cisco Internetwork Operating System (IOS) and Security
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

The Cisco Internetwork Operating System (IOS):- is the kernel of Cisco routers and most switches. The Cisco IOS is a proprietary kernel that provides routing, switching, internetworking, and te...

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Cisco Component Description
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

Bootstrap

Bootstrap Stored in the microcode of the ROM, the bootstrap is used to bring a router up during initialization. It will boot the router and then load the IOS.

POST

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IP Addressing
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

It is a numeric identifier assigned to each machine on an IP network. It designates the specific location of a device on the network. An IP address is a software address, not a hardware address—the latter...

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CCNA Practice Test: A Key to Success
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

As you are preparing for CCNA (Cisco Certified Network Administer), it is important to understand about CCNA (R&S). CCNA (R&S) is a certified technical course offered by Cisco for early-career network professionals. CCNA (R&S...

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Ethernet Cabling
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

Ethernet cabling is an important discussion, especially if you are planning on taking the Cisco exams. Three types of Ethernet cables are available:
 

  1. Straight-through cable
  2. Crossover cable
  3. Rolle...

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Ethernet Networking
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

Ethernet is a contention media access method that allows all hosts on a network to share the same bandwidth of a link.

Ethernet networking uses Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD), ...

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CCNA Tutorial
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

CCNA (Cisco Certified Network Associate) is a entry level network certification now a day’s offered by Cisco. Basically, the CCNA is developed to judge the foundational knowledge of a candidate in networking field.

There are m...

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Bid Adieu to Exam Phobia
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

An examination is the most stressful situation by not only students but also the parents and teachers. Everyone become conscious during this time. This is because no one can expect what is going to come and what is not going to come in e...

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Ace your Learning Styles to Crack Competitive Exams
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

Each and every student has a different learning style. Some students follow the mix of learning styles. But it is an important aspect to understand by teachers as well as parents for their pupil’s growth. When these learning styles...

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How Will Artificial Intelligence Change The Education
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

Artificial Intelligence is a quickly developing innovation that will possibly change our regular daily existences with an extension and speed that mankind has never experienced. One place where AI is ready to roll out huge improvements (...

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Is Artificial Intelligence The Solution To The Education Crisis?
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

At the moment, the technology has transformed almost everything. More than a few tools and procedures have been computerized. Few of these processes have been automated, and geographic obstacles have been eliminated forever.

Artific...

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Artificial Intelligence: Renovating Educational Quests for Good?
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

The development of artificial intelligence has been fervently discussed and questioned over the years. There are a few who see this tool as the leading step on the road to a world where human works are not needed anymore. While a lot of them view ...

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The Role of Artificial Intelligence in Today’s Education System
Wednesday, 8, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

Our world is full of artificial intelligence. Wherever you go, you will find an impact of AP. Right from surfing on Facebook where you find friends suggestions, Google ads that suggest things according to your interests or your previous web histor...

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5 Stupefying Advantages of Personalized Learning
Tuesday, 7, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

Can personalized learning be the future of education? Let’s go through!

Way back in the traditional educational situations, teaching new lessons shadowed an expectable pattern. At that point, the teacher would organiz...

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Personalized Learning - A Key to Score and Fill Your Knowledge Gaps
Tuesday, 7, August, 2018
h4 ExamMATE

Personalized learning refers to creating an individual learning zone for each candidate which can be optimized according to their specific requirements.  No two candidates can be same and even their learning method and learning spee...

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